PPL Training Course – Part 6 – Runway Signs, Lights & Markings


hello and welcome back to the next video
this is a video specifically covering runway signs lighting and markings I
thought it was better to split this into a separate video as it would have made
the last video quite long and we have a few things to cover as we have seen
airport signage is important but some of the most important of all revolve around
the runway we already mentioned a highly critical runway hold line in a previous
video but let’s continue looking at other highly important signs and
markings runway signs and lighting there are a few specific signs to watch out
for when approaching an active runway first let’s look at intersection takeoff
signs these are yellow signs that indicate the distance you have if you
wanted to take off left or right from your current position these might be
irrelevant for larger aircraft that always need full length but as you’re in
a C172 these can be a helpful guide if you don’t want to taxi all the way to
the end of the active you might also have square black signs with the numbers
one two three four and so on these show from the vantage point of the runway how
many thousands of feet there are remaining on larger runways with an ILS
you will sometimes see signs indicating what kind of ILS system is in use it
might be a cat one two or three system we could talk for a long time about the
differences between a cat one two or three system but in broad terms they all
have varying levels of accuracy and weather minimums lastly we have papi
lights papi stands for precision approach path indicator it’s a system of
lights which shine in your direction as you come into land it’s split into red
and yellow lights if you have two red and two yellow you know you were on the
right glide path if you have more yellow than red you know you are above and if
you have more red than yellow you know you are below the glide path
it might sound technical but when you get in the air and test it out it makes
sense runway markings there are a few runway markings that might look a bit
confusing and generally in a flight simulator they just get ignored let’s
begin at the first portion of the runway the threshold there are a few
differences here some thresholds are displaced which means the runway is
supposed to begin further down than you might think you will see a few arrows
all pointing in a line this is the displaced threshold some are only
temporary displacements and others are permanent when a displaced threshold has
arrows you can use it to start your takeoff roll or end your landing roll
but if they are Chevron’s instead of arrows then the area is unusable you are
not allowed to land in this area with Chevron’s as it’s been marked out for a
good reason there is probably a terrain confliction or something similar that
would be an issue after the solid white line you will see the threshold bars
these indicate the beginning of your runway surface then you will generally
have your runway number next after that you have the beginning of the touchdown
zone this is indicated with three bars on either side of the centreline aim to
touch down after those then you have the actual aimpoint markings these are the
biggest feature in front of you as you come down through minimums and if you
know nothing about runway markings you’ve probably subconsciously decided
that that’s a good place to touch down try to touch down on those aimpoint
markings if you are short then you are still okay as long as you don’t touch
down directly on the threshold and if you touch down beyond the aimpoint
markings that’s still okay as you have more markings to help you gauge how much
more runway you have left these next markings are zone markings they come
every 500 feet until you begin running out of runway
once the double line zone markings give way to single line mark
you know that you should have done a go-around by now and should be
decelerating or vacating the runway beyond this point you should start
running into the runway markings for the opposite end of the runway thanks for
listening and in the next video we will deal with the forces acting upon an
aircraft in flight

3 Replies to “PPL Training Course – Part 6 – Runway Signs, Lights & Markings”

  1. Amazing Video Peter!!
    Kudos for this PPL Series this is very informative! Please continue to make it!
    ~Shubham (IP)

  2. Nice video and informative for those looking to take their simming to the next level or wanting a taster of what PPL involves ๐Ÿ‘

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